Elizabeth Kutter, Professor Emeritus: Betty received her BS in Mathematics in 1962 from the University of Washington and her PhD in Biophysics at the University of Rochester, NY in 1968, working on the transition from host to phage metabolism after T4 infection of E. coli and the role there of T4’s substitution of HMdC for C in its DNA. She continued phage work with Rolf Benzinger at the University. of Virginia and then joined the faculty of Evergreen in 1972, bringing along an NIH grant. This let her establish the Evergreen Phage Lab, maintained through the years with NSF support in parallel with teaching in the full-time integrated programs typical of Evergreen. From 1975-79, she was a member of the NIH National Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee, helping develop regulatory guidelines for this powerful new science. Her 1978-79 sabbatical with Dr. Bruce Alberts at UC San Francisco led to a 15-year international collaboration to sequence bacteriophage T4, the largest genome yet tackled. During a 4-month associated 1990 sojourn in the USSR, she became familiar with the therapeutic use of phage there and began her collaboration with scientists at the Eliava Institute. This led to new directions in research at Evergreen, to broad expansion of the biennial Evergreen International Phage Meetings, and to creation of a small Phagebiotics Foundation, which functioned to help publicize and support phage therapy-related research and information internationally, in part under the auspices of the Evergreen State College Foundation. A variety of international advisors aided very substantially in these efforts.